doi: 10.1685/journal.caim.421

Numerical solution of two-dimensional fractional diffusion equations by a high-order ADI method

Moreno Concezzi, Renato Spigler

Abstract


Some mathematical models of interest, e.g., for Meteorology, can be formulated in terms of diffusion equations with time and/or space fractional derivatives. The usual time derivative can be replaced, for instance, by the so-called Caputo fractional derivative (of order γ ∈ (0, 1)), while the space derivatives can be written as a Riemann-Liouville fractional derivatives (of order α ∈ (1, 2)). In this paper, we implement third-order accurate in time numerical algorithms to solve two-dimensional fractional diffusion equations. These are new finite difference schemes, based on the Gr ̈nwald-Letnikov difference operator u
and some ADI methods, combined with an optimized extrapolation strategy. Numerical examples, concerning model-problems as well as real-world applications, are given.

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Communications in Applied and Industrial Mathematics
ISSN: 2038-0909